Non-dependant benefit deductions

Housing benefit and council tax support is reduced for each 'non-dependant' living in your home.

A non-dependant is someone who normally lives with you, and is:

  • an adult son or daughter
  • a relative
  • a friend

For non-dependant couples, the income of both members of the couple are added together to find the gross income figure.

People who are boarders, sub-tenants and joint tenants are not non-dependants.

Amount deducted from housing benefit/LHA if working 16 hours or more

For non-dependants aged 18 or over and working on average more than 16 hours per week the amounts deducted are as follows (effective from April 2016):

Gross weekly income of non-dependant Weekly deduction from housing benefit Weekly deduction from housing benefit - with 4 rent free weeks
Less than £133 £14.65 £15.87
£133 to £194.99 £33.65 £36.45
£195 to  £252.99 £46.20 £50.05
£253 to £337.99 £75.60 £81.90
£338 to £419.99 £86.10 £93.28
£420 or more £93.80 £101.62

(1)These amounts are adjusted as shown above if your rent is paid over 48 weeks and you have 'rent free' weeks (e.g. most council tenancies).

Amount deducted from local council tax support if working 16 hours or more

For non-dependants aged 18 or over and working on average more than 16 hours per week the amounts deducted are as follows (effective from April 2016):

Gross weekly income of non-dependant Deduction from council tax support
Less than £126 £3.74
£126 to £187.99 £3.74
£188 to £244.99 £7.52
£245 to £325.99 £7.52
£326 to £405.99 £9.49
£406 or more £11.36

For non-dependants not in work, or those who work under 16 hours per week see below:

Other categories of non-dependant income Weekly deduction from housing benefit - (with 4 free weeks)(1) Weekly deduction from council tax support
Income Support Nil Nil
age 25 and over £14.65 (£15.87) Nil
Jobseekers Allowance Contribution Based, any age £14.65 (£15.87) £3.74
Income Based under 25 Nil Nil
Income Based aged 25 and over £14.65 (£15.87) Nil
ESA (Employment and Support Allowance) Income Related, under 25, assessment phase Nil Nil
Income Related, under 25, main phase £14.65 (£15.87) Nil
Income Related, aged 25 and over £14.65 (£15.87) Nil
Contribution Based, any age £14.65 (£15.87) £3.74
Pension Credit Nil Nil
Any other non-dependant over 18 not listed in tables £14.65 (£15.87) £3.74

Exceptions and special rules

We do not make a deduction for non-dependants if you or your partner:

  • are registered blind or were so in the last 28 weeks
  • receive Attendance Allowance
  • receive Constant Attendance Allowance
  • receive the daily living component of Personal Independence Payment
  • receive the care component of Disability Living Allowance (at any rate)

No deductions are made if the non-dependant:

  • is under 18
  • is a youth trainee
  • is in prison or similar forms of detention
  • has been in hospital for 52 weeks or more
  • usually lives elsewhere (but you will need to tell us their permanent address, otherwise we may still make the deduction)
  • is a full time student or student nurse (although a Housing Benefit deduction applies if the non-dependant works for 16 hours per week or more during the summer vacation)

Special rules apply to delay the deduction for those aged 65 or over:

  • if you or your partner are aged 65 or over, and
  • a non-dependant moves in (and a deduction would normally apply to them); or
  • a non-dependant has a change in circumstances that would mean that a higher deduction should be made

The deduction starts 26 weeks after the non-dependant moved in or 26 weeks from their change in circumstances.


Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

  1. Does the money paid by non-dependants for their keep, count as income when working out my claim?
  2. Are these deductions related to what a non-dependant actually pays for their keep?
  3. What if the non-dependant pays nothing for their keep?
  4. What should I do if I think the wrong amount is being deducted from my Housing Benefit/Local Council Tax Support?

1. Does the money paid by non-dependants for their keep, count as income when working out my claim?

No. This money is not treated as your income, but instead the fixed deductions noted above are made from your own entitlement to Housing Benefit/Local Council Tax Support.

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2. Are these deductions related to what a non-dependant actually pays for their keep?

No. These deductions are fixed sums dependant upon the non-dependant's age and weekly income. The rules and amounts are set by the Government and are normally changed every April.

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3. What if the non-dependant pays nothing for their keep?

The non-dependant deduction is still made from your entitlement to Housing Benefit /Local Council Tax Support. You will need to make your own arrangements with them yourself about paying for their keep.

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4. What should I do if I think the wrong amount is being deducted from my Housing Benefit/Local Council Tax Support?

Please contact us straight away so that we can make sure it is correct. If they move out you must provide a forwarding address.

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Further information

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