City of York Council
York statistics and information

Key Statistics from the 2011 census

2011 Census

What is the Census?

The Census is a count of all people and households in the UK taken every 10 years (most recently in 2011).  It is the most complete source of information about the population available.

Census data shows how the country is changing over time and covers a range of subjects including: ethnicity, religion, country of birth, accommodation, health and tenure.

Headline figures for York (2011 Census)

Population

  • There were 5.3 million residents in Yorkshire and Humber.
  • The population of York in 2011 was 198,051 with 83,552 households.  Between 2001 and 2011 York grew more than Yorkshire and Humber or England (9.4% compared to 6.2% and 7.2%).
  • York's 20-24 year olds vary significantly from both the regional and national proportions at 10% compared to 7.2% and 6.8% respectively.
  • The decrease in York's 5-14 age range between 2001 and 2011 was similar to the regional and national drop.
  • There has been a large increase in the 0-4 population, especially children aged 2 and under.
  • The 85 and over age range has grown more than regionally or nationally (38% compared to 20% and 23%).

Ethnicity

  • Most (86%) residents in England and Wales identified themselves as "White", however this is a 5% point decrease since 2001.
  • In Yorkshire and Humber 89% of the population identified themselves as "White".
  • In York the "White British" population was 90.2%. 
  • The highest non white group in York was Chinese, at 1.2% of the population.

Religion

  • Nationally the number of residents who recorded their religion as Christian was 59% compared to a figure of 72% in 2001. 
  • In York the figure for Christian was 59.5% compared to a figure of 74% in 2001.
  • A higher proportion of people in York (30.1%) stated they had no religion than the national figure (24.7%).
  • York has a lower proportion of Muslims than regionally and nationally with only 1% compared to 6.2% and 4.8% respectively.

Migration

  • 90.8% of York's population were born within the UK, with 2.7% born in other EU countries and 5.5% born outside the EU.
  • 3,678 arrived in York between 2010 and 2011 which is the highest proportion in the region.

Qualifications

  • York's population is well qualified with 16.6% qualified up to level 3 which is the highest regionally and 13th nationally.
  • 32.4% of York's population held qualifications at level 4 and above.

Health and unpaid care

  • The proportion of population who stated they have very good health was nearly 50% for York.
  • Only 4.1% stated they had bad or very bad health, lower than regional or national figures.
  • Lower than regionally and nationally, 6.6% of people reported a lot of limitation in day to day activities.
  • There are 18,224 carers in York which is lower than the region or national figures.

Marital Status and household composition

  • York has a lower proportion of married people than regionally or nationally at 44%.
  • York is ranked highest in the region for same-sex civil partnerships at 0.3%.
  • York also has a lower proportion of divorced, separated and widowed people than regionally or nationally.
  • York has 91,792 cohabiting couples with 42,917 single adults.
  • There are a high proportion of couples with no children at 6.9%, the highest in the region and 17th nationally.
  • York also has a low level of lone parent families with dependant children at 5.9%, compared to 7.1% regionally. Nearly 71% of these families are in part or full time employment which is high compared to the region at 60.3% and nationally at 59.4%.

Documents to download

Pages in Census

  1. Census
  2. You are here: Key Statistics from the 2011 census

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Office for National Statistics 2011 Census

Landing page for the census in England and Wales, including data, release information, background and history.

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